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Kursk Land

DESCRIPTION AND GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION

Geographical position:

Kursk region is located in the center of Russia in a temperate-continental climatic zone within a forest-steppe area.

Total area: 30.000 square kilometers.

Population Size: 1 123.1 thousand people (as of 01.01.2017), including 760.1 thousand – urban population and 363.0 thousand – rural population.

Administrative and Territorial Division: 355 municipal formations, including 28 municipal districts, 27 urban-type settlements, 295 rural settlements and 5 cities – Kursk, Zheleznogorsk, Kurchatov, Lgov and Shchigry. Kursk region is an industrial and agrarian zone having a sufficient potential for business development. The region is distinguished by an advantageous geostrategic location and a network of highways and railways connecting it to Moscow, St. Petersburg and other Russian cities. Air communication is carried out through the terminals of Kursk Airport having an international status. There are 6 gas-main and 2 oil-trunk pipelines in the territory of Kursk region. At the beginning of 2017 a gasification level of the whole region made up 94.7%, including 90.8% in a rural area. In the region there is the largest iron-ore deposit in the world— Kursk Magnetic Anomaly. It provides Russian and foreign metallurgy with raw materials. Kursk region is supplied with energy. The rated capacity of Kursk Nuclear Power Plant, which is the largest enterprise of power industry, is 4 million kW. It generates more than 29 billion kWh of electric power annually. More than 80% of the power is supplied outside the region to the other districts of the Russian Federation and CIS countries. The construction of a substitution station AES–2 started in 2013. It is planned to synchronize the commissioning of the first two power generating units of AES–2 with taking out of service of power generating units No.1 and No.2 of currently operating Nuclear Power Plant in 2021 and 2024, respectively. The regional industry consists of 15 branches where up to 70% of the main production facilities of the region are concentrated. More than one-third part of the workers is engaged in the sphere of material production. The volume of industrial production has positive dynamics. The following sectors play a decisive part in the industry: power industry; mining; machine building and metal-working; chemical industry; food and processing industry consisting of eleven branches including sugar, flour-milling, provender, spirit, alcoholic beverage, dairy and meat, baking, confectionery, food-canning industries, etc. Industrial enterprises manufacture a widerange of the following high-technology goods: batteries, mobile power stations, generators, geology-prospecting and oil-field equipment, radio-measuring devices, bearings, computer aids, low-voltage equipment, medical equipment, mechanical rubber and plastic goods, artificial yarn and fiber, polypropylene film, knitwear and clothing, fiberboards, package of cardboard and microcorrugated cardboard, flexible packing materials. Modern medicines and medical aids are manufactured in the region. An agrarian sector plays an important role in the regional economy. The black soil is the main riches of Kursk land and one of the main sources of the economy development. The black soil makes up about 80% of land. The crop products make up about 62% and animal products make up about 38% in the structure of the agricultural production of Kursk region. In 2016 the growth of agricultural production amounted to 112.1% as compared with 2015. The main branches of plant growing are the production of grain and fodder crops, sugar beet and potato. About 4 million tons of grain and the same amount of sugar beet are grown in the region under favorable climatic conditions. The production of sugar beet amounted to 5.6 million tons with a crop of 488.4 centners per a hectare. About 4.7 million tons of grain were produced in 2013. The region has become a large-scale manufacturer of oil-bearing crops in recent years. In 2016 their production made up 736 thousand tons, which exceeded the result of 2015 by 37%. Greenhouses have been revived in the region. A new greenhouse complex was built in the suburbs of Kursk. It is equipped with up-to-date technological systems. The total annual output of vegetables is more than 5 thousand tons. A stock-raising branch specializes in dairy and meat cattle-breeding. Pig-breeding is developing. The region invests a lot of funds in this sector of economy. 89 livestock breeding complexes, including 12 dairy plants and 77 meat-processing plants, have been built in the recent years. The products of Kursk enterprises are in demand both in Russia and abroad. Kursk region has international ties with all CIS countries and more than 70 far abroad states today. The foreign trade turnover of Kursk region amounted to 686.8 million USD in the first 9 months of 2016. In the total foreign trade the export deliveries make up 48.7% and the import deliveries amount to 51.3%. Kursk region exports the following range of goods: iron ore and concentrates, foodstuffs, chemical products, metals and products thereof, machinery, textiles, textile goods and shoes, timber and products thereof, leather raw material and other products. There is a developed network of financial and loan institutions in all areas of the region. An independent commercial bank “Kursky Promishlenny Bank”, and the branches of leading commercial banks of Russia can provide a full complex of services in financing of investment programs and projects, including the services rendered in cooperation with foreign banking institutions. Educational system of Kursk region includes a network of 900 educational institutions of all types: infant schools, primary vocational schools, secondary vocational schools and higher education institutions. The touristic potential is an important component of the investment attractiveness of Kursk region. The pilgrim tourism is one of the main activities of travel agencies in Kursk region. Domes of 282 currently operating churches and 7 monasteries are rising over Kursk land. The Korennaya Pustyn (The Korennaya Monastery) is known far beyond Kursk region. According to the legend, the Wonderworking Kursk Root Icon of Our Lady of the Sign was discovered at this place in the roots of an old elm tree in 1295. A monastery was built on this place in the 16th century. There are more than 4.5 thousand sites of cultural heritage – monuments of archaeology, architecture and art, and about 900 monuments of regional significance and 100 of federal significance. There is the Central Chernozem State Nature Reserve named after professor V.V. Alekhin in Kursk region. Since 1979 it has been included in the world-wide UNESCO system of biosphere reserves. In 1998 it received a diploma of the Council of Europe. The reserve area is 5287.4 ha. Some species of plants, called “live fossils” by the scientists, remained here. Just in 20 kilometers from old town of Rylsk there is a remarkable monument of culture and architecture – the "Maryino" Estate. It is a former estate of princes Baryatinsky. There are drama and puppet theatres, a wide network of libraries, Deineka Picture Gallery, a Museum of Local History, a Museum of Archaeology, a Philharmonic Society and other cultural institutions in the administrative and cultural center of Kursk region.

Перевод на английский язык был осуществлен ФГБОУ ВПО "Курский государственный университет". За помощь в подготовке англоязычных материалов благодарим лично Проректора по научно-исследовательской работе и международным связям, доцента Логинова Сергея Павловича